- WRIGHT, Anne+
- WRIGHT, Joseph
- WRIGHT, Mary
- WRIGHT, Hannah
- WRIGHT, Thomas
- WRIGHT, Martha
- WRIGHT, Elizabeth
- WRIGHT, John (C.?)+
- WRIGHT, James
- WRIGHT, Thomas
- WRIGHT, Isaac
- WRIGHT, Sarah
- WRIGHT, Lydia
- Born: Aug 1676, Nottingham M.M., Chester, PA, USA 12
- Marriage: BOWATER, Mary on Dec 2, 1699-1707 in PA Or NJ 1
- Died: 5 mo 15 d 1759, , Frederick, VA, USA at age 82 1
- Buried: 5 mo 15 d 1759, Hopewell M.M., Frederick, VA, USA 2
Tradition says that there were five Wright brothers that settled on the Eastern Shore of Maryland during the Colonial period as professed by several aged persons in THE WRIGHT ANCESTRY by Capt. Charles W. Wright, 1907. Two other brothers also settled in Baltimore Co, Maryland according to one of these ancients. I think this tradition has become confused by one generation. Family tradition was also presented at a Wright family reunion held September 13, 1908 northwest of Russiaville, Howard Co., Indiana on J.P. Wright's farm. The transcription was several times removed from the original related family history from the reunion. According to it there were 5 Wrights all living in Newberry, SC who were Quakers of Jewish descent. (It is an interesting clue, but needs researched as I have not heard or seen this identified before.) It eludes to the fact that they are related, but does not state they were brothers. Their names were John, Joseph, William, Thomas and Isaac. Note that all of these, except William, are the likely sons of this James. The five or seven brothers tradition is possibly not from the first generation as often printed, but from James'ss children's generation instead. (C-945: Transcription provided by Julia Henry, a descendant)
A William and a James Wright were brothers that settled in Dorchester Co., MD about 1682. They emigrated on the "Bristol Factor" in that same year. (C-951) They supposedly immigrated from Bristol, England with one of William Penn's colonies. Brother William died in Dorchester before June 5, 1686. He had a son, Roger, who lived in Dorchester and had several children including sons named Levin, William and James. The James Wright who came over with his brother William in 1682, might be our James.
However, James's father according to Don Wright in the "Footprints Database" believes his father to be John Wright of Pennsylvania. They lived above Noris Ford on the Marshyhope Creek. This area later became a part of Caroline Co., Maryland.
The two brothers were known as Nicholite or Quaker Wrights because of their strict religious sect. The births of James and Mary Wright are recorded with the Nicolite Births (Quaker Record Abstracts) in the Hall of Records at Annapolis, Anne Arundel Co., MD. Their particular group was known as the "Northwest-Fork River Nicholite Friends."
Naomie Wright is supposed to have been a sister to the above brothers. She lived in Sussex Co., Delaware and married Joseph Atkins shortly after their 2nd declaration of intention to marry on Mar. 30, 1699. (C-258 & 259)
The above information is believed to all pertain to our James Wright that moved extensively in his middle to later years. What is known about our James Wright, father of John and grandfather of Charity Wright Cook, is that he lived in East Nottingham, Chester Co. Pennsylvania between 1716 and 1726. He purchased land in East Nottingham on Jan. 12, 1715/16. He was taxed in Chester County from 1718-1726. His children's births are recorded in the New Garden MM, PA records. He was a farmer and both he and his wife were Quaker ministers and traveled throughout the Chester County region in that capacity from 1718-1726. He wistnessed the will of Aaron Coppock (also a direct ancestor of mine) of Nottingham on 10/3/1726. Chester County at that time covered a large area in Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. This Nottingham settlement, due to boundary changes, later was a part of Cecil Co., MD.
He and his family joined the migration along the Monacy River to Monacy, Maryland to help found that Quaker settlement about 1727. At that time the settlement was in North Prince Georges Co., MD and is now in Frederick Co., MD, again due to boundary changes.
In 1734, James and Mary moved with Alexander Ross, Josiah Ballinger and at least a few of their children to found the Hopewell Quaker Settlement near Winchester, VA. It was also known as the Ross-Bryan Settlement as these two gentlemen deeded 70 families there by 1735. This settlement was in Spotsylvania Co., VA prior to 1734 at which point it became part of Orange Co., VA. In 1738 it was in Frederick Co., VA also. James served as one the Hopewell meeting's first elders.
The Wrights jointly purchased 438 acres of land on the "Apple Pie" ridge about five miles north of Winchester, Virginia with John Littler. Here is a transcription of this deed as provided by Lewis Wright: LAND PATENT FOR JOHN LITLER AND JAMES WRIGHT 12 NOVEMBER 1735 GEORGE the Second by the Grace of God of Great Britain France and Ireland King Defender of the Faith TO ALL whom these Presents shall come Greetings KNOW YE that for diverse good Causes and Considerations but more especially for the consideration mentioned in an order of our Lieut. Governor and Council of our Colony Dominion of Virginia bearing date the three and twentieth day of April one thousand seven hundred and thirty five granting leave to Alexander Ross and Morgan Bryan to survey in such manner as they should think fit for One thousand acres of land for each family of seventy families by them brought into our said Colony and settled upon the Lands in the said order mentioned and to Sue out Patents for the same. WE HAVE given Grants and Confirmed and by their Presents for us our Heirs and Successors do give Grant and Confirm unto John Litler and James Wright one Certain tract or Parcel of land containing four hundred and thirty eight acres lying and being about a mile to the south west of Giles Chapmans and Samuel Bonds and provided As followeth to with BEGINNING At a Hiccory on a hill and then running thence South Forty Degrees West eighty Poles to a Hiccory Gum and white Oak thence North forty Degrees East two hundred and twenty three Poles to a white Oak thence North fifty Degrees West thirty five Poles to a white Oak Thence North forty Degrees East one hundred fifty two Poles to a white Oak on a Knole Thence North fifty Degrees West one hundred and seventy? two Poles to a white Oak thence North eighty Degrees West ninety one Poles to a white Oak Saplin. Thence South forty Degrees West two hundred and forty six Poles to a red Oak by a Rock thence South sixty two Degrees East one hundred and forty two Poles to the first station. WITH ALL Woods under woods Swamps Marshes low grounds Meadows Fooding? and his due share of all Mines and Quarries as discovered as not discovered within the Grounds and being part of the said Quantity of four hundred thirty eight acres of Sand and the River Waters and Water Courses therein contained together with the Privileges of Hunting Hawking Fishing Fouling and all other Profit Commodities and Hereditaments1 whatever to the same or any Part thereof belonging or in any wise appertaning. TO HAVE HOLD and Enjoy the said tract or Parcel of Land and all other before Granted premises and every part thereof with their and every of their appurtenances unto this John Litler and James Wright and to their Heirs and Assigns for ever To the only use and behalf of him the said John Litler & James Wright their Heirs and assigns forever TO BE HELD of us our Heirs and Successors as of our Mannor of East Greenwich in the County of Kent in free and common Soccage2 and not in Capite3 or by Knights Service YIELDING & PAYING unto us our Heirs and Successors for every fifty acres of Lands or proportionally for a lessor or greater Quantity than fifty Acres the fee rent of one Shilling Yearly to be paid upon the Feast of Saint Michel the Arch Angel and also Cultivating and Improving three Acres Part of every fifty of the Tract above mentioned within three years after the date of these Presents PROVIDED always that if three years of the said Fee Rent that at any time be in Arrears and Unpaid or if the said John Litler and James Wright their Heirs or assigns do not Within the space of three years next coming after the date of these presents Cultivate and Improve three Acres part of every Fifty of the Tract above mentioned then the Estate hereby granted shall cease and be utterly Determined and there after it shall and may be lawful to and for our Heirs and Successors to Grant the same Lands and premises with the appurtenances unto such other Person or Persons as we our Heirs & Successors shall think fit. IN WITNESS where we have caused these our Sellers Patent to be made WITNESS our truly and well beloved WILLIAM GOOCH Esq. our Lieut. Governor and Commander in Chief of our said Colony and Dominion at Williamsburgh under the Seal of our said Colony the twelfth day of November one thousand seven hundred and thirty five In the ninth year of our Reign. William Gooch (E)
During the French and Indian Wars they and other Quaker families sustained great losses and were driven from their homes back to more settled districts. As they were "unable to labour for a Livelihood", the Philadelphia Meeting sent money to the Hopewell meeting to be used for the "relief of our aged Friends, James Wright and his Wife." (C-259, 581,759)
James witnessed the will of Josiah Ballinger in 1748. He and Mary witnessed the will of John Nicklin Oct. 10, 1750 along with Sarah Pickering. Mary wrote her will on May 8, 1763 that was proved Mar. 1764. In it she names her sons, Thomas, James, Isaac and John; daughters, Mary Hannah, Martha, Elizabeth, Ann, Sarah Pickering, and Lidia; and grandson Thomas Wright, son of Thomas and Esther Wright. (C-647) Her husband James, had passed away prior to her will.
The Quaker Biography Collection by Willard Heiss states this about James Wright, "An elder of Hopewell Monthly meeting, was one of the first settlers in that part of Virginia. He was a sober, honest man, grave in manners, and solid and weighty in his conversation. He was diligent in the attendance of his religious meetings, exemplary in humble waiting therein, and of a sound mind and judgment. He was cautious of giving just offence to any one, and was earnestly concerned for the unity of the brethren, and the peace of the church. He appeared ... for some time before his last illness, as one who had finished his day's work, and who was waiting for his change." (C-581, 866)
The Last Will and Testament of James Wright is as follows. "I, James Wright of Opeckan in the county of Frederick and colony of Virginia being aged, but of a sound and well diposing mind and memory do make this as my last will and testament hereby revoking and disanulling all other wills that have heretofore been made or done by me. First, my will is that my body be decently buried and all my just debt and funeral charges I leave to be defrayed at the discretion of my executrix hereinafter mentioned. Secondly, I give bequeath and demise unto my son Thomas Wright the land plantation wheron I now dwell with all the buildings and improvements and appurtenances thereunto belonging the which I bequeath and demise to the proper use and behoff of him, his heirs and assigns forever, it being 194 acres of patent land and he to be in full possession therof during his natural life. I also give and bequeath unto my wife all my goods and chattels and all my personal estate wither for a comfortable maintenance during her life or else to dispose among her children as in discretion she shall think fit or when and where she shall think fit only paying to our ten children each of them five shillings Virginia currency viz: John, James, Isaac, Lydia Wright, Mary Ballinger, Hannah Ballinger, Martha Mendenhall, Elizabeth Matthews, Ann McCool, and Sarah Pickering. Lastly, I ordain and constitute my loving and well beloved wife, Mary Wright, sole executrix of this my last will and testament witness my hand and seal, dated Opeckan aforesaid this 14th day of this 8th month, October, 1751. Signed: James Wright Be it further remembered that I would have no appraisement upon my goods. Be it further remembered that there is 160 acres of land lately surveyed at the south side of the above said tract 60 whereof I add to the side tract lying along the said land the which I demise as above to my son Thomas Wright, this before sealing acknowledgement. In the other 100 acres I leave to my wife's disposal after my decease as also the 300 acres lately surveyed lying by Thomas Thornburgh, upon Middle Creek. Signed: J. Wright I would have no appraisement upon my goods, witness my hand and seal this 30th day of April, 1753. Signed, sealed, testified and declared to be the last will and testament of James Wright in the presence of testis: Evan Rogers, James Ballinger, Sarah Rogers. (This was proved in Frederick Co., VA on Mar. 1, 1760. It was presented by the executrix, wife, Mary Wright) (C-696,866)
As to James's parentage, a book referred to as the Wright Briscoe Pioneers believed James's father to be one of three brothers, Joshua, Thomas or Samuel who came from Yorkshire, England to New Jersey in 1677. Another source listed as Hollingsworth says he is the son of James and Susannah Wright with no sources given. (C-581) Another felt that James's father was probably John Wright and his mother's name could have been Rachel. (C-610) A John Dulling gives James's father as John Wright, from Howden, East Riding Yorkshire, England who was the sixth child of Robert Wright and Alice Lawtie. (C-710) As you can tell, there are many theories on his parentage. The one presented in this genealogy has simply been repeated in a couple second hand sources and is still a theory also.
Noted events in his life were:
• Will, Aug 14, 1751, , Frederick, VA, USA.
• Probate, Mar 4, 1760, , Frederick, VA, USA. Although I have not seen this will, my source of information said it
took place in the Hopewell Monthly Meeting area in Frederick Co., VA.
James married Mary BOWATER, daughter of John BOWATER and Mary MAUNDER, on Dec 2, 1699-1707 in PA Or NJ.1 (Mary BOWATER was born on Feb 12, 1688-Feb 21, 1689 in Nottingham M.M., Chester, PA, USA,10 13 died before Mar 6, 1764 in , Frederick, VA, USA and was buried before Mar 6, 1764 in Hopewell M.M., Frederick, VA, USA.)