YOUNG, James C. 2
- Born: Bef 1706, , Antrim, IRE 3
- Marriage (1): UNKNOWN, Sarah
- Marriage (2): TODD, Sarah in May 1751 1
- Died: 1760, , Augusta, VA, USA
James was married twice, to 2 Sarahs. He highly likely had more sons than the 3 listed here and is also likely to have been born before 1706 as estimated from the 3 known children's approximated birthdates. He is likely to be the James Young who noted his emmigration in the following 1740 records. It doesn't mean that he emmigrated at that time, but it was verifying that he emmigrated to be able to purchase more land. James Young, emigrated 1740, Place Augusta Co., Virginia, Source Publication Code: 3816, Primary Immigrant: Young, James, "Annotation: Legal proceedings before Orange County Court, Virginia, where settlers proved their entitlement to enter public lands. Also in no. 5831, Morton; no. 2302, Fry; in no. 720, Boyer, Ship Passenger Lists, the South, pp. 91-95; and in no. 9144, Tepper, New World Immigrants, vol. 2, pp. 133-135. Source Bibliography: KING, FANNIE BAYLY (Mrs. W.W.). 'Augusta County Early Settlers, Importations, 1739-1740.' In National Genealogical Society Quarterly, vol. 25:2 (June 1937), pp. 46-50. Page: 47" "MORTON, OREN F. 'Importations, 1739-1740.' In A History of Rockbridge County, Virginia. Staunton, Va.: McClure Co., 1920, pp. 456-457. Page: 456".
James Young had land which he was having surveyed by 1738 according to Chalkley, V 2. pg. (63) 9 ber ye 6, 1738, survey for James Young. James purchased 401 acres (possibly the same he had surveyed in 1738) in 1742 on Whistle Creek. Whistle Creek is in the southern half of Bordon's Grant and Bordon's Grant adjoined the southwest end of Beverly Grant. It was near the forks of the James River. It is about 20 miles south of where likely brothers - Hugh, and Robert lived on Back Creek starting in 1746 or 1749 respectively. Just a bit later in court "Chaukley, Vol. 1, pg. 431, James Young's petition to administer on estate of John Young, his brother and nearest heir, June 17, 1747." What is important about this line in Chaukley that has been previously misunterstood is that James was John's nearest heir, meaning John left no offspring or children to inherit his worldly possesions. By right of law, a man's goods went first to his children and if there were none, then his brothers would be the next in line. He obtained additional land according to Chaukley, Vol. 3 (that was likely part of his brother John's estate) in the following record: Page 645.--28th February, 1749. Same to James Young, planter, 436 acres in Beverley Manor on Back Creek. Corner Robert Young; McFeeter's line; corner Andrew Pickens; corner Robert Campbell; corner Patrick Martin. Teste: John Wilson, John Gay.
In 1750, his neighbors are described in this Chaukley, V. 3 record: "Page 65.--29th November, 1750. Robert Campbell, Gent., to James Barrey, 149 acres in Beverley Manor, adjoining Glebe land; Wm. Martin's corner, Middle Br. Shanandoe; corner James Young; corner to a graveyard. Teste: David Stewart, Andrew Cowan, John Mitchell. In this same source and same year, James' son Matthew sells land he had obtained from his father: Page 160.--4th January, 1750. Mathew Young and Agness to Peter Wallace, 150-1/2 acres. Bought by James Young from Borden, recorded in Orange and conveyed by James to Mathew. On Whistle Creek of James River; corner to Low Todd. Teste: Joseph Lapsley, Richard Woods." This gives us an estimate on Matthews age as being born before 1730 if he was at least 21 at the time. In 1753 court records, James is the James Young, Bordens land in the Clerk of Courts fee books. Another Chaukley record lists more of James' neighbors: Page 179.--23d March, 1754. John McPheeters to Wm. Martin, 198 acres, part of land Jno. now possesses. Cor. John McPheeters in James Young's line; cor. Robert Campbell's land, now James Berry's.
James lived within a few miles of a William Young whom owned a 100 acres which he purchased in 1756. This William was Sharon Jebavy's ancestor. He could be a son of either of the two early brothers who did not leave a will, namely this James or Hugh Young who both lived in Augusta Co., Virginia by 1738 and 1749 respectively. Their location was in Borden and Beverly Manor which was a few miles over the border from the property of William Young. James's neighbors around Whistlestop Creek included at a later date, Charles Boyle, Saml & John McMurtrey, Samuel Todd, John Summers and James Davis.
James Young sold 251 acres to Lou Todd in 1756 that bordered on his son, Matthew's land. Chaukley, Vol 3, "Page 744.--James Young, miller, to Lou Todd, carpenter. Delivered: William Todd, 16th May, 1756, 251 acres Fork of James, on Whistle Creek where Todd now liveth; corner Mathew Young. Teste: Arthur and Abraham Brown, James McCown." In that same year, James and Sarah Young, Patrick (his other son) and Isabella Young sold 110 acres, including the mill to Andrew Hall.
James died in the first half of 1760. "Chalkley's VIII, page 57, Will Book 2, Page 371.- 20th May, 1760. William Shannon's bond (with John Brown, Hugh Young giving surety) as administrator of James Young." "Chalkley's VIII, page 60, Will Book 2, Page 430.- 25th July, 1760. James Young's appraisement, by John Trimble, James Pol (Paul?), Morris O'Freal." (Note: The Trimble's lived on land adjacent to James Young's land of Back Creek.)
There has been a major shake up of how we believed the Young line to be connected via the research of a lawyer and genealogist, Janice McAlpine. John and his brother James were thought to be one generation older than the rest, with John being married to Annie Houston and being the father of all the other early Youngs. This is not the case. Both James C. and his brother John were sibings of the other somewhat early Youngs in Borden Manor. Proof will become evident after studying the following lengthly letter from Attorney Janice McAlpine. John and his brother James C. lived in Augusta Co., Virginia by 1738 according to early Orange Co. road records. John's land was the land located off Back Creek in Beverley Manor and James' land was the land located off Whistle Creek in the Borden track. To quote Janice McAlpine in email dated Jan. 14, 2010: "Their property was mentioned in an early survey book, "Hume's Old Field Book." This book was submitted as evidence in the case of Moffett vs. McPheeters (1799) in the Staunton District Court and remained in the case file for generations. The survey book is excerpted in Chalkley's Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement of Virginia; Vol 2, at pages 370 et seq., with the Young entries at Chalkley's pages 372 and 375. As can be seen from the survey information, John Young's land was on Back Creek. The location of James Young's land was not specified.
*Chaukley (27) May 11th, 1738, survey for Ja(mes) Givins, beginning at John (see 29) Young, beginning at Tumble's Cor., Back Kreek. Sam. Walker's Cor., McAnaar's line. *(29) Survey for Saml. Walker, beginning at Jno. Young's Cor. ( ) on an island on Back Kreek. *(63) 9 ber ye 6, 1738, survey for James Young? Finley?
The following two Orange Co. road orders show that John Young's land was in the Beverley Patent, which is where Back Creek was located. James Young's land was in the Borden Patent, where Whistle Creek is located. *Orange County Road Orders 1734-1749, Ann Brush Miller, Virginia Highway & Transportation Research Council, Charlottesville, Virginia, 1984, revised 2004, online at http://www.virginiadot.org/VTRC/main/online_reports/pdf/85-r2.pdf
*Page 39: "Book 2, Orange County Court Order Books 28 June 1739, O.S. p. 3 John Poage, David Davis and George Hutchison having according to an Order of Court viewed and laid off a road from Beverley Manner and made return of their proceedings to Court its ordered that the said road be cleared according to the Report made by said Viewers vizt That the said road be cleared from John Youngs at the North Mountain to the Top of the blue ridge to the bounds of Goochland County." *page 89: "27 November 1742, O.S. p. 304 On the petition of the Inhabitants of Bordens Tract for a road from where James Young lives on ye sd Bordens Tract to ye Gapp in the blue ridge of Mountains commonly called Michael Woods Gap Its ordered that the said road be cleared from the sd Youngs through the timber Grove from thence to ye foot of ye Mountain Leaving patrik Campbells to ye northward continuing an Easterly Course so on ye south Side on ye south river to samuel Daviss plantation thence to ye Gapp of ye Mountains And its further ordered that ffrancis McCowen saml: Walker Captn John Buchannan patk Hays Charles Campbell and Captn John Christian be hereby appointed Overseers of ye said road And that Colo James Patton be desired to lay off for each Overseer his precinct & Men to clear each precinct on ye sd road."
(The earliest that John and James could have been in Beverly and Borden was likely in 1737. Beverley got his grant of land in 1736. Borden received his initial grant about the same time with a promise of 100,000 additional acres if he brought 100 settlers into his part of Orange Co., Virginia. Beverley and Borden immediately began enticing and selling their Virginia territories to the Scots in Northern Ireland. They offered reasonably priced transportation for the settlers. A Captain James Patton set up a route and made 25 round trips taking tobacco and pelts to England and Ireland and returning with Scots-Irish settlers for these business men, Borden and Beverley. Borden offered 100 acres of land free to anyone who would settle and build a cabin. He made his money when they wanted additonal acres. Later, he offered land deals to entice settlers to move to the Borden patent rather than remaining in Beverley's. Of our two ancestors, John would have bought his land and James' Borden land would have been at least in part free.)
(Janice Mcalpine suspects) they actually didn't receive their patents until the property was paid for. So it is possible that someone like John Young could have moved onto his land about 1738 and had a survey done, but still didn't have a clear title (patent) to the land when he died. That could explain why his name is missing from the early patent lists." To continue quoting her email: "There is no indication that James Young acquired land in the Beverly Patent before February 1749. Prior to that time, records place him on Whistle Creek in the Borden Patent, with an additional land acquisition there in 1747: *Chalkley's III, page 267: Circuit Court Will Book 2, Page 479.--- 18th March, 1747. £15 current money Virginia. Benj. Borden, &c., to James Young (sold in testator's lifetime), 440 acres, part of 92,100; corner to John Allison on the banks of the river at the mouth of Whistle Creek. Teste: John Pickens, Wm. Lusk, Robt. Brakenridge. Acknowledged, 18th March, 1747.
James Young's likely brother Robert also acquired land fairly near James in the Borden Patent in 1747:
*Chalkley's III, page 263: Circuit Court Will Book 2, Page 359.\emdash 20th August, 1747. William McMachan, Gent., of Frederick County, to Robert Young, £15.16.7; 400 acres patented to William, 12th September, 1746, on the head of a north branch of Buffilo Creek adjoining Benj. Bordin's land. Acknowledged, 20th August, 1747.
John Young died shortly before 17 March 1747, when his estate was appraised. Bits and pieces of the estate documents were abstracted in Chalkley's I and III. They show that his brother James Young was granted administration of John's estate on 17 June 1747. As far as I can tell, the only James Young in Augusta Co. of the same generation as John was James Young of Whistle Creek. I have not found any records for a mysterious "second" James Young in Augusta Co. during the 1740s. There are no deeds, no road orders and no court records.
We know from the estate records that John died intestate -- without a will -- because James Young was the court appointed administrator of the estate rather than the executor of a will. We also know that John died without descendants because his brother James was referred to as "his nearest heir." By law, a brother could only be an heir if the deceased had no living descendents. At a minimum, this means that the John Young who died in 1747 was not the John Young married to Annie Houston in Ireland.
Unfortunately, one rather clumsy abstract in Chalkley's has led Young researchers to say that both John Young and James Young were dead before 17 March 1747, however that is not the case. Records clearly show that John's brother James was granted administration of the estate on 17 June 1747 and that he handled the estate until its close in March 1749. See the following records:
*Chalkley's I, page 431: "Young's appraisement. James Young and John Young, deceased. 17th March, 1747." [Original Petitions And Papers Filed in the County Court. 1745-1748]
*Chalkley's III , page 8: Will Book 1 "Page 76.\emdash 17th March, 1747. John Young's appraisement."
*Chalkley's I, page 29: "June 17, 1747 Order Book No. I. (216) Administration upon John Young granted to James Young (his brother.)"
*Chalkley's I, page 431: "James Young's petition to administer on estate of John Young, his brother and nearest heir, 17th June, 1747." [Original Petitions And Papers Filed in the County Court. 1745-1748]
*Chalkley's III, page 7: Will Book 1, "Page 46.\emdash 17th June, 1747. James Young (I) qualifies administrator of John Young, with sureties Partt Martin, Robert Young."
*Chalkley's III, page 33: Will Book 2 "Page 32.\emdash 25th March, 1749. John Young's estate, Dr. to James C. Young, administrator: To funeral charges, £4. To cash, by Henry Downs, Capt. Danl. McAnare. Capt. John Brown, Hugh Young, Robt. Scott, Robt. Bovd, John Davis."
It is interesting to note that James was referred to as James Young (I) in one of the records. I assume this was because his eldest son James had come of age and the designation was necessary to differentiate between the two. James was also referred to as James C. Young in another record. Again, this was probably to differentiate between him and his son James.
Even though we have not seen the land record itself, we know that John Young owned land in the Beverley Patent on Back Creek. The question is, what happened to the land after John's death? I believe the land was divided among his brothers/heirs-at-law, James, Robert, and Hugh Young. This would explain why they all acquired adjoining land on Back Creek on 27/28 February 1749 -- shortly before the final accounting in John Young's estate. The deed to Robert Young actually refers to the land as "part of John Young's land in Beverley Manor on Back Creek."
*Chalkley's III, Page 282: Deed Book 2 Page 638.--27th February, 1749. Same [William Beverly] to Robert Young, planter (farmer) part of John Young's land in Beverley Manor (234 acres) on Back Creek. Corner to Hugh Young and John Trimble; corner William McPheeters; corner James Young. Teste: Thomas Stewart and Charles Dalhouse.
*The abstracted deeds to James and Hugh Young do not contain the same explicit language about John Young's land, but that language may be in the original deeds.
*Chalkley's III, page 281: Deed Book 2 Page 547.\emdash 28th February, 1749. Same [William Beverley] to Hugh Young, farmer, 200 acres in Beverley Manor, joining his former survey. Pat. Martin's line. Corner Pickin's old place; William McClintock's line. Teste: John Brown.
*Chalkley's III, page 283: Deed Book 2, Page 645.\emdash 28th February, 1749. Same [William Beverley] to James Young, planter, 436 acres in Beverley Manor on Back Creek. Corner Robert Young; McFeeter's line; corner Andrew Pickens; corner Robert Campbell; corner Patrick Martin. Teste: John Wilson, John Gay.
Although it seems odd that William Beverley was the grantor on the deeds if the land actually belonged to John Young, there are several other deeds for the same period that do the same thing. One involve(s) the land in the estate of Patrick Cook, the husband of Jane Young Cook, the probable sister of John, James, Hugh and Robert Young:
*Chalkley's III, page 284: Deed Book 2, Page 686.--- 1st March, 1749. Same [William Beverley] to Jean [Jane] Cook, widow, and John and Mary Cook, minors (the whole contains 802 acres), 2/3 of 2 tracts in one place, and to John Cook the remainder of the other third sold to Jane Cook, widow, during her life, according to will of Patrick Cook, her late husband. 1748, in Augusta\emdash Nathan Lusk's line; John McCutchin's line. Teste: James Lockhart, Robt. Young.
One likely explanation is that there were mortgages on the land and money was still owed to William Beverley when John Young and Patrick Cook died. As a result, the heirs/beneficiaries had to pay off what was due on the land to get clear title from Beverley." (End of quoted summation by Janice McAlpine)
So, here are the key points that can be deduced from her research. 1) John died without issue in 1747 leaving land in Beverley Manor off of Back Creek. 2) James had land in both areas, first 20 miles south of John on Whistle Creek and then in 1749 he purchased land that was likely his brother John's on Back Creek. 3) Brothers John and James are now the 2 earliest known Youngs living in what was Orange Co., Virginia and now is Augusta Co., Virginia. 4) We have no evidence that Dr. John ever came to America or as far as I know have a brother named James. 5) We know that John, James and Robert are brothers from land records, with Hugh also highly likely being a brother and Jane likely being a sister. I have not yet seen proof that they are the children of Dr. John, but this line does eventually match with DNA belonging to the Lamont Clan that is from the same family as Andrew Lamont Young. 6) McAlpine mentions that the early James in Augusta Co., Virginia who is the subject of this biography had at least 3 sons: The first is James Jr. was a likely adult in the 1747 administration of his brother John's estate when the court delineated James Sr. as James the 1st or as James C. Additional proof of this follows.
There was only one James Young who had an estate recorded in Chalkley's. That was the fellow who died in the spring of 1760. Hugh Young was either one of James' administrators or gave bond for the administrator: Chalkley's VIII, page 57, Will Book 2, Page 371.- 20th May, 1760. William Shannon's bond (with John Brown, Hugh Young) as administrator of James Young. ... Chalkley's VIII, page 60, Will Book 2, Page 430.- 25th July, 1760. James Young's appraisement, by John Trimble, James Pol (Paul?), Morris O'Freal.
James Young was next listed as deceased in an August 1760 deed that mentioned his property and the former property of his 1749 neighbor, Robert Campbell. This was undoubtedly the land on Back Creek: Chalkley's VIII, page 362: Deed Book 8 Page 442.- 19th August, 1760. Wm. Marten and Janet ( ) to John Davis, £110, 198 acres purchased by Wm. from John McPheeters, 23d March, 1754, and part of a tract he now possesses, line of James Young, deceased; cor. Robert Campbell, now James Berry's. Delivered: Felix Gilbert, February, 1762.
Years later, in Chalkley if becomes evident that this early James had a son named James because son James has his inherited land from his father recorded in the land records. Chalkley dos not give the date this was recorded, but we do know that all deeds in Deed Book 23 occurred before Aug 19, 1783: Chalkley's VIII, Page 562: Deed Book 23, Page 268.- Tract conveyed to James Young, deceased, by William Beverley, 28th February, 1749, and descended to James Young, eldest son and heir.
We know from other Chalkley records that James C. also had at least 2 more sons: Patrick and Matthew.
*Chalkley's VIII, page 285: Deed Book 2, Page 749. 18th May, 1750. James Young, miller, to Matthew Young, farmer, 150 1/2 acres, where Mathew lives on Whistle Creek of James; corner Lou Todd. Teste: Arthur and Abraham Brown, James McCown.
On or about May 7, 1751, James had a second marriage to a widow Sarah McMurtry. They entered into a marriage contract, which was witnessed by James' son Patrick Young who would have been at least 14 at the time to be an offical witness: Chalkley's VIII, page 340: Deed Book 7, Page 252. 7th May, 1751. James Young, miller and plantationer, to Sarah McMurtry, £400, marriage contract. To be married according to rules of Church of Scotland. Sarah was a widow with children. Patrick, son of James. Teste: John Collyer, Wm. Brown. Proved and recorded, 20th November, 1755. Delivered: John Low, May, 1758.
*Chalkley's VIII, page 315: Deed Book 4, Page 379. 10th August, 1753. James Young and Sarah to Patrick Young. 340 acres on Whistle Creek in Forks of James, cor. Joseph Walker, North Branch James; cor. tract surveyed for Sarah Young. Teste: John Low, Francis McCown.
"Patrick apparently received the property where the mill was located or was given the rights to operate the mill, because he gave a bond to his stepmother, Sarah Young, to guaranty her right to receive a share of the income from the mill" (McAlpine) as displayed by the following abstract:
*Chalkley's VIII, page 319, Deed Book 4, Page 525. Patrick Young to Sarah Young, bond 1753. Condition that [she] be allowed to use and enjoy part of the profits of the mill and appurtenances for her lifetime, which were conveyed to Patrick by James Young. Teste: Wm. Walker and John Low.
*Chalkley's VIII, page 342: Deed Book 7, Page 309. 15th May, 1756. James Young and Sarah, Patrick Young and Isabell to Andrew Hall, £50, 110 acres being the tract where James Young now liveth, including James Young's mill in the Fork of James River, crossing Whistle Creek, cor. Patrick Young. Teste: Jno. Lapesley, Samuel McCluer. Delivered: Wm. Bowyer, August, 1758.
So the final conclusion here is that James C. had (at least) 3 sons. James, Matthew and Patrick. It is possible he had others since he did not leave a will naming them. We also now know that James and John were likely siblings of Hugh, and Robert also early in the Augusta area with the most important find being that John was not their father. He was their sibling instead.
James married Sarah UNKNOWN. (Sarah UNKNOWN died before 1751 of Whistle Creek, Augusta, VA.)
James next married Sarah TODD, daughter of Samuel TODD and Ann HOUSTON, in May 1751.1 (Sarah TODD was born in 1722.)